Resource Type: Multi-Country Study
Authors: Jenna Wright, Adam Koon, Kelley Ambrose, and Lauren Hartel
Published: September 2018
Resource Description: The global response to combat the AIDS epidemic scaled up considerably in the early 2000s with the establishment of key institutions, notably the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (Global Fund) and the United States President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) (AIDS.gov 2018). In response to high global rates of AIDS-related morbidity and mortality, the internationally supported rapid scale-up of HIV prevention, testing, treatment, and drug development is widely credited with curtailing a global epidemic, thereby limiting the human and financial costs of the virus (Bekker et al. 2018). Still the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) estimates that 1.8 million people were infected with HIV in 2017, and there are nearly 37 million people living with HIV (PLWHIV) worldwide (UNAIDS 2018a). In many countries, financing and governance of HIV services is transitioning from international donors to national governments.
This study applies the concept of system integration to examine the alignment of rules, policies, and support systems to address HIV and other essential health services in four low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Specifically, the study explores the current extent of integration, the decisions faced by policymakers, and potential barriers/facilitators to integration in four countries. The analysis allows HFG to share lessons learned by each of these countries attempting to optimize rules, policy, and support systems for HIV and other essential health services.