The government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo began reforming and decentralizing the health sector with its National Health System Strengthening Strategy in 2006. The latest National Health Development Plan 2011–2015 continues to implement the strategy laid out in this document.
The government of Ethiopia published its “Essential Health Services Package for Ethiopia” in 2005 (Federal Ministry of Health 2005). This package was published with the intention to have public sector facilities provide a minimum standard of care that fosters an integrated service delivery approach
The government of Ghana has defined other packages of health services. In the most recent Health Sector Medium-Term Development Plan 2010–2013, the government states that the Community-based Health Program and Services (CHPS) remains …
There are several defined and semi-defined “packages” of health services floating around Haiti, and the literature is rife with contradictions and uncertainty. Our analysis reveals that Haiti has an EPHS, but the following context is important to understand: The Ministry of Health and Population
The series of documents that best fits the definition of the EPHS in India is the Indian Public Health Standards (2012) series, plus Annexure II of the Guidelines for Community Processes (2013), which lists the services provided by community health workers referred to as accredited social health activists (ASHAs).
The Republic of Indonesia has specified an EPHS through its regulatory process. Regulation No. 75/2014 lists health services that must be provided through community health centers, or puskesmas; mobile health clinics; and community midwives. The list of services roughly translates from Bahasa
Kenya’s EPHS, referred to as the Kenya Essential Package for Health, is clearly defined in the Kenya Health Sector Strategic and Investment Plan (KHSSP) for July 2014–June 2017 and the Taking the Kenya Essential Package for Health to the Community: A Strategy for the Delivery of Level One Services (Community Health Strategy).
The government of Nepal first published an EPHS, called the “Essential Health Care Services package,” in 1999 as part of the second Long Term Health Plan, which included 20 broad health areas. The government’s Health Sector Strategy (2004) acknowledged that the original EPHS was not affordable,
The government of Nigeria has embraced the EPHS concept for some time, but its implementation has faced challenges. The National Primary Health Care Development Agency defined a Ward Health Care Minimum Package for Primary Health Care, but …
At this time there does not appear to be a national-level EPHS in Pakistan. The best approximation for Pakistan’s EPHS is the provincial government of Punjab’s Essential Package of Health Services for Primary Health Care in Punjab (2013). Following the implementation of a constitutional amendment, the central government Ministry of Health was dissolved in June […]