The government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo began reforming and decentralizing the health sector with its National Health System Strengthening Strategy in 2006. The latest National Health Development Plan 2011–2015 continues to implement the strategy laid out in this document.
There are several defined and semi-defined “packages” of health services floating around Haiti, and the literature is rife with contradictions and uncertainty. Our analysis reveals that Haiti has an EPHS, but the following context is important to understand: The Ministry of Health and Population
The series of documents that best fits the definition of the EPHS in India is the Indian Public Health Standards (2012) series, plus Annexure II of the Guidelines for Community Processes (2013), which lists the services provided by community health workers referred to as accredited social health activists (ASHAs).
The Republic of Indonesia has specified an EPHS through its regulatory process. Regulation No. 75/2014 lists health services that must be provided through community health centers, or puskesmas; mobile health clinics; and community midwives. The list of services roughly translates from Bahasa
The government of Nepal first published an EPHS, called the “Essential Health Care Services package,” in 1999 as part of the second Long Term Health Plan, which included 20 broad health areas. The government’s Health Sector Strategy (2004) acknowledged that the original EPHS was not affordable,
In 2011 the Ministry of Health in Rwanda reviewed and updated the health services packages provided by the different tiered facilities in the health sector. The Service Package for Health Facilities at Different Levels of Service Delivery document specifies what services should be provided at each health facility level, and the inputs required to implement […]
We identified Senegal’s essential package of health services across several policy documents, including the Liste Nationale des Médicaments et Produits Essentiels, 2008 revision, the Expanded Program for Immunization, and the government of Senegal’s Plan National de Developpement Sanitaire 2009–2018, among other sources. In many cases government policy documents listed the essential package by covered disease/population […]
The Republic of South Sudan, formed in 2011, has made clear statements on its Ministry of Health website and in the Constitution that it aspires to provide a basic package of health services to its citizens. The Health Sector Development Plan 2012–2016 for the government of South Sudan refers to the Basic Package of Health […]
The government of Tanzania first created and published an EPHS in 2000, called the National Health Care Intervention Package or the National Package of Essential Health Interventions. In subsequent years, the 13 areas/programs under the Ministry of Health created area-specific packages that went beyond the more general descriptions under the National Health Care Intervention Package. […]
Uganda’s EPHS is referred to as the Uganda National Minimum Health Care Package (UNMHCP). The UNMHCP was first established in the 1999/2000 National Health Policy, accompanied by the country’s first Health Sector Strategic Plan. Health sector policy documents have continued to center around the concept of the UNMHCP. The most recent revision of the UNMHCP […]